Chinese Medicine, Life-Malady Recognition Techniques中医生命与疾病认知方法
Entrenched Chinese beliefs and culture have played an integral role in the comprehension of life and disease in traditional medicine. The natural laws concerning life and disease have become well known in the Chinese medical community. This knowledge, as it relates to TCM, dates back to the time of Huangdi (黄帝) and Qi Bo(岐伯) and, with the symbol of Internal Classic of Huang Di, has a history of more than 2,000 years. This system relies heavily on the Yin and the Yang, the Five Phrase, the organs, channels and subsidiary channels, disease and symptoms, the root of disease, categorical identification in terms of causes, the principles and methods of TCM, and the Five Yun and Six Qi.
TCM can help explain human activities, as well as the relationships between humans and their environment. The balance between the Yin and Yang serves as the foundation to explain human activities — diseases are interpreted as a disharmony in this balance. TCM utilizes the Five Phrase Theory to interpret the relationship between humans and nature, and among the different organs and systems within the human body. It can also be used to explain how diseases spread.
Organs are the most important biological components of our bodies and can be broken down categorically into: the five viscera (liver, heart, spleen, lungs and kidneys), the six bowels and the other vital organs, in addition to the jing, xie (blood), qi (breathing) and jinye (bodily fluid). The meridians are believed to be channels running from the organs in the interior of the body to the limbs and joints, transporting qi and blood. TCM identifies 12 “regular” and 8 “extraordinary” meridians; there are also a number of less customary channels branching off from the “regular” meridians.
They provide for easier and more accurate diagnosis and treatment using TCM and are important in acupuncture and massage therapy. Studying diseases focuses on the causes and conditions that diseases thrive in, including the external Six Excesses, internal Seven Affects, food and rest. Pathogenesis is a study that focuses on the origin and development of diseases, reaching a conclusion through comprehensive analysis and defining treatment methods.
The principle and methods of TCM, as the regular patterns through long-term clinical practice, are fundamental in treatment. These include balancing the Yin and Yang, strengthening the body’s resistance to germs and pathogens, connotation of superficiality and origin and adopting measures according to the objects, timing and conditions. The Five Yun and Six Qi comprise a knowledge system that explores natural astronomy, climate, and creature that greatly affect the human body or other diseases.
TCM has its own unique theory and methodology concerning the recognition and identification of diseases and their symptoms. Under TCM, disease is perceived as an imbalance between good and evil in the body. The Internal Classic of Huang Di includes the concept of “when righteousness is present, evil cannot enter” and “when the evil gathers, the gas must be false”. In many ancient documents, such as the Febrile Diseases, there are numerous records concerning the recognition of diseases. For instance, there are 1,720 symptoms from 67 diseases that were identified in the Discussion on the Origination of Diseases during the Sui Dynasty.
As the core of TCM, the cognitive approach to life and disease is crucial to living a healthy life, diagnosing illnesses, prescribing treatment, prescribing medicine, acupuncture and other clinical practices. Today, under the growing influence of Western medicine, the number of people that understand TCM is gradually decreasing. Now, more so than ever before, TCM is in dire need of professionals and practitioners to preserve this traditional method of medicine.