Chinese Phonetic, 汉语拼音
Below we will try to show the Chinese Phonetic in the easiest and most correct way. Throughout the entire page is used the pinyin romanization to represent the Chinese Phonetic.
Take it easy and practise with the following videos.
Chinese Phonetic: Consonants
- m, f, n, l, h and sh are pronounced as in English.
- d like “d” in “bed” (unaspirated)
j like “g” in “genius” (unaspirated)
z like “ds” in “beds”
zh like “j” in “job”
b like “p” in “spin” (unaspirated)
g a soft unaspirated “k” sound
x like “sh” in “sheep” but with the corners of the lips drawn back
r somewhat like “r” in “rain”
- Particular attention should be paid to the pronunciation of the so-called “aspirated” consonants. It is necessary to breath heavily after the consonant is pronounced.
p like “p” in “pope”
t like “t” in “tap”
k like “k” in “kangaroo”
q harder than “ch” in “cheap”
c like “ts” in “cats”
ch (tongue curled back, aspirated)
- Distinction between certain initials:
b / p d / t g / k j / q z / c zh / ch
Chinese Phonetic: Vowels
as in the hen
as in father
as in ping or key; after sh, zh, or r, as in shirr; after s or z, hold the z and make a vowel of it
as in saw or sung
as in soon; but as ü in ju, qu, yu and xu
as in French lune or German grün
Chinese Phonetic: Other Phoneme Vowels
- ie like “ye” in “yes”
- e like “e” in “her”
- er like “er” in “sister” (american pronounciation)
- ai like “y” in “by” (light)
- ei like “ay” in “bay”
- ou like “o” in “go”
- an like “an” in “can” (without stressing the “n”)
- -ng (final) a nasalized soung like the “ng” in “bang” without pronouncing the “g”
- uei, uen and iou when preceded by an initial, are written as ui, un and iu respectivly.
Chinese Phonetic Pin Yin Song, 汉语拼音儿歌
Chinese Phonetic: The Tones
The Chinese Phonetic uses four plus one neutral tones.
- Mā_ First tone
- Má_ Second tone
- Mǎ_ Third tone
- Mà_ Fourth tone
- Ma_ Neutral tone
Chinese Phonetic Tone Table
|1st||dā||High and level|
|2nd||dá||Starts medium in tone, then rises to the top|
|3rd||dǎ||Starts low, dips to the bottom, then rises toward the top|
|4th||dà||Starts at the top, then falls sharp and strong to the bottom|
|Neutral||da||Flat, with no emphasis|
In Chinese Phonetic a 3rd tone, when immediatlely followed by another 3rd tone, should pe pronounced in the 2nd tone.
Chinese Phonetic Tones Song
Below we attach the 412 Chinese Phonetic possible options