Chinese Punctuation Marks, 标点符号

Chinese Punctuation Marks and Use, 标点符号


The chinese punctuation marks are so important in Chinese Grammar. As in other languages, the chinese punctuation marks give meaning and rhythm to the text, then they are really important to correctly understand a reading.  In contrast we could think, the chinese punctuation marks are not so different from ours. Next we will see some chinese punctuation marks and their uses


The Chinese Punctuation Marks, as in other languages, delimit the sentences and paragraphs and establish the syntactic hierarchy of propositions, structuring the text, sort and prioritize ideas in primary and secondary, and remove ambiguities. The punctuation varies according the writting style. The stylistic differences  do not exempt anyone to complying with the Chinese Grammar standards and avoid errors generally considered unacceptable.

The Chinese Punctuation Marks also build their writting thought. In this way, as happens in poetry for more than a century, there are not exact rules to regulate the correct use o Chinese Punctuation Marks.

Next we will learn some Chinese Punctuation Marks and example phrases.

Chinese Punctuation Marks

 

Name, 名称
Mark, 符号
Use, 用法说明
Example, 举例
 Period, 句号
表示一句话完了之后的停顿。Use a period at the end of a complete sentence that is a statement.我们的朋友遍天下。
Comma, 逗号
表示一句话中间的停顿。Use commas to sexpress short pauses.
国家无论大小,都应一律平等
Back-Sloping Comma,   顿号
表示句中并列的词或词组之间的停顿。Use a back-sloping comma to express a short pause or separate words and word groups. It is also used in conditional clauses.
中国古代有许多重要发明,比如指南针、造纸、印刷术、火药等。
Semicolon, 分号
用于分句之间,表示大于逗号而小于句号的停顿。Like commas, semicolons indicate an audible pause—slightly longer than a comma’s, but short of a period’s full stop.对人民有利的事,我们一定要办;对人民不利的事,我们一定不办。
Colon , 冒号
用以提示下文。Express what happens next.
各位代表:现在会议正式开始。
Question Mark, 问号
用在问句之后。Use a question mark  after a direct question.刚才谁来了?
Exclamation Mark, 感叹号
表示强烈的感情。Use an exclamation point to show emotion, emphasis, or surprise. An exclamation point replaces a period at the end of a sentence.
啊!多美啊!
Quotation Mark, 引号
“”‘’
  1. 表示引用的部分。常用的是双引号(“”)。引号中再用引号时,用单引号(‘’)。

Use double quotation marks to set off a direct (word-for-word) quotation.

小王说:“我同意大家的意见。”老师问学生:“你们懂得‘青出于蓝’的意思吗?”
  1. 表示特定的称谓或需要着重指出的部分。

Used to emphasize tittles or underline text.

“教师”是个光荣的称号。
  1. 表示讽刺的意思。

Express irony.

这样的“理论家”,实在还是少一点好。
Parentheses, Brackets,   括号
()[ ]表示文中注释的部分。Used to give explanations.
各类文艺工作者(包括创作、表演、评论、研究、翻译等)自愿结合,组成自己的专业团体。
The Ellipsis, 省略号
……表 示文中省略的部分。用六个圆点,占两个字的位置。This six dots are uses to indicate the omited part in a sentence.
菜市场里,蔬菜很多,有白菜、黄瓜、西红柿、豆角……真是琳琅满目。
Dash, 破折号——在文中占两个字的位置 Indicate added emphasis, an interruption, or an abrupt change of thought.

 

Below the Chinese Punctuation Marks explained by a chinese teacher

 

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