孔丘（前551年9月28日-前479年4月11日），字仲尼。排行老二，汉族人，春 秋时期鲁国人。孔子是我国古代伟大的思想家和教育家，儒家学派创始人，世界最著名的文化名人之一。编撰了我国第一部编年体史书《春秋》。据有关记载，孔子 出生于鲁国陬邑昌平乡（今山东省曲阜市东南的南辛镇鲁源村）；孔子逝世时，享年73岁，葬于曲阜城北泗水之上，即今日孔林所在地。孔子的言行思想主要载于 语录体散文集《论语》及先秦和秦汉保存下的《史记·孔子世家》。
Confucius (28 September 551 BC – 11 April 479 BC), with Zhong Ni as his courtesy name, was a great thinker and educator of ancient China, a Confucian developer and one of the most prestigious cultural celebrities in the world. Of Han nationality, Confucius was born second in a family in the Chinese State of Lu in the Spring-and-Autumn Period.
According to tradition, he is said to have been born in Changping village, Zouyi, the State of Lu (now Luyuan village, Nanxin town, southeastern Qufu city, Shandong Province), to have died at the age of 73 and to have been buried in Beisishui, Qufu, where today the Confucian Cemetery lies. His teachings may be found in the Analects of Confucius, a collection of aphorisms, and The Hereditary House of Confucius Records of the Historian preserved in the pre-Qin Period, the Qin Dynasty and the Han Dynasty. He also compiled the Spring and Autumn Annals, the earliest surviving Chinese historical text to be arranged on aphorism principles.
Major achievements: developing Confucianism, compiling the Spring and Autumn Annals, editing Five Classics, running private schools and breaking the rules of noble education
Representative work: The Spring and Autumn Annals