Chinese Personal Pronouns, 人称代词

Personal pronouns use , housed in the grammar section which the main personal pronouns are include , but also other less frequent and specific use pronouns.

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Personal Pronouns :

 

I

我是中国人

wǒ shì zhōngguó rén

You

你好!

nǐ hǎo!

He

是中国人?

Tā shì zhōngguó rén ma?

She

她是中国人?

Tā shì zhōngguó rén ma?

It

它是什么?

Tā shì shénme?

Wǒmen

We

们去上班  

Wǒmen qù shàngbān

Nǐmen

You

们不有猫

Nǐmen bù yǒu māo

Tāmen

They (male)

们去哪儿?

Nǐmen qù nǎ’er?

Tāmen

They (female)

她是她妈妈

Tā shì tāmen de māmā

Tāmen

They (it)

们是狗

Tāmen shì gǒu

 


shì,

To Be

Zhōngguó ,

China

rén,

Person

hǎo,

Good

ma,

Interrogative Particle

什么 shénme,

What

qù,

To Go

 

上班 shàngbān,

Go to Workt, Start to work

bù,

Not

yǒu,

To Have

māo,

Cat

 

哪儿 nǎ’er,

Where

妈妈 māmā,

Mama

gǒu,

Dog

 

Note:

and have the same pronunciation, the difference is in context.

 

Personal Pronoun  zánmen

zánmen

We

  • It is used when the speaker wants to include the listener

 

们走吧! zánmen zǒu ba!

Come on!, Let´s go!

 

Personal Pronoun  / tā/ tāmen

 

/ tā/ tāmen

  • It is used to refer animals

 

们是我的狗 tāmen shì wǒ de gǒu

They are my dogs

 

  • / tā/ tāmen is also used with inanimate objects

 

别动它!Bié dòng tā!

Don´t touch it!

 

Politeness Personal Pronoun / nínmen/nín

 

 / nínmen/nín

You/ You (plural)

 

您是中国人吗?nín shì zhōngguó rén ma?

Are you chinese?

 

Possessive Personal Pronou  de

de

 

  • Add to the personal pronoun

我的 wǒde

你的 nǐde

们的 tāmende

 

  • may be omitted if the holder has a close relationship with the person or object

     

 

你家在哪儿?nǐ jiā zài nǎ’er?

Where is your house?

 

Personal Pronoun, Self 自己 zìjǐ

 

自己 zìjǐ

我自己 wǒ zìjǐ lái

I will do myself

 

  • Can be reflexive

别骂自己 bié mà zìjǐ

No te culpes.

 

  • If used with the particle means membership

这是我自己的公司 zhè shì wǒ zìjǐ de gōngsī

This is my own bussines

 

Otros pronombres personales:

 

  • 大家 dàjiā ; everybody

 

大家好!dàjiā hǎo!

Hi everyone!

 

  • 人家 rénjiā; others

 

, 人家不 wǒ huì, rénjiā bù huì

I know do it, others do not

 

  • rén; person

有人吗?yǒurén ma?

Is there someone?

 

Related Posts

Features, 特征

Phonetic, 拼音

Classifiers, 量词

Interrogative Pronouns, 疑问代词

Chinese Numbers, 数字

Time and Dates, 时间和日期

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