Features, 特征

Features, 特征

  •  In its most widespread use known six stop consonants (p, b, t, d, kg), three affricates (tc, ts, tz), six fricatives (f, c, s, s, z, X), three nasal (m, n, o) a side (l) and two semi-vowels (j, w). Phonetically b, d, g are voiceless and unaspirated, p, t, k are strongly aspirated consonants. All stops are labialized.

 

  • There are 6 vowels: i, e, a, o, u, ü

 

  • His tone system is relatively simple.There are four tones: Like high up, low down and then up, down. The tones sandhi standard requires that in some cases where two tones are followed by the second one it is neutralized.

 

  • The Chinese modern grammars distinguish between the following words: nouns, pronouns, numbers and measurements, pagers, particles and verbs (transitive, intransitive, stative, resultativos, assistants and coverbos).

 

  •  From ancient times to the language the words are monosyllabic. As combinations of syllables are reduced, many words match and confusions are inevitable. To try to avoid for some time a trend that is supported by specifying some other character, something like in Spanish develops if we say his (home) you given the confusion of the third person pronoun. The two characters together systematically eventually become disyllabic. When the joints are longer, they can be more complex concepts. The base is always a correspondencesyllable word meaning: Zhōngwén 中文 (“Chinese language”). With the combination of two complete characters were born some two-syllable words: 钢笔 Gāngbǐ (“steelbrush”), which is the pen. But the words of three or four characters are becoming more frequent.

 

  • The ease of use of the vocabulary is based on the derivation. From some keywords an extensive list derived from those created. Thus, from the ideogram work Gōng, 工作 gongzuo forms (“workdo”, ie work”), 工厂 Gōngchǎng (“jobprotection,” ie “factory”)

 

  • The Chinese language uses sentences consist of four characters. This lapidary say is particularly popular in the dedications, congratulations …: 南 船 北 马 Nán bei chuan the boat south to the north, the horse.”

 

  • Chinese language form the plural morpheme by Men, but the suffix is not bound to the form of the singular word, but the phrase, almost like another word that indicates plurality.
     
  • Adjectives derived from verbs. That is, they are verbs with names such regain meaning.

 

  • The verbs are invariable. Some added signs, front or back may indicate aspect or time. The notion of the verb is not as rigorous as in other languages​​: an adjective can perform it.

 

  • No morphological inflection. No signs that distinguish one type of other words. The meanings of sentences in Chinese depend on the logical order of the sentence (which is the SUBJECT + VERB + ACCESSORIES), sometimes accompanied by some signs that indicate the type of supplement or the tense of a verb. Rather supplements, however, are placed before the verb. So the word can take a function or meaning according to its place in the sentence. It follows that knowledge of characteristics is not sufficient for their understanding.

 

  • Loan words are rare in China, even in the technical vocabulary. Not so much a question of defending the Chinese identity as practice: a foreign word must be writeable and ideograms can not evoke same pronunciation and meaning of a foreign word. Neologisms are created by Chinese composition.

 

  • From the point of view of the dialect of Mandarin Chinese language proficiency is usually divided into four zones: the northern one, which is the most influential, the northwestern, southern and eastern.

 

  • It is written according to the classic rules of Chinese writing, with some modifications. HIs ideographic system is one of the most complex writing systems that have existed, but is protected by a strong cultural tradition.

 

  • Chinese typewriters are very different than languages ​​with alphabet. Workshops are typeset with each ideogram must be sought in a box containing the most well known, while other less accessible and contains additional less frequent. The process seems archaic but the Chinese are credited with the merit of having invented the printing press at the end of the ninth century, almost 500años did before Gutenberg.

 

Related Posts

 

Phonetic, 拼音

Classifiers, 量词

Personal Pronouns, 人称代词

Interrogative Pronoums, 疑问代词

Chinese Numbers, 数字

Time and Dates, 时间和日期

 

 

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